2 section

Novgorod Guberniya as the Centre of the Earth

31
The map of Novgorod
pyatinas in the 16th century,
with an indication of cities
and pogosts, compiled
by K. Nevolin
The map of Novgorod
pyatinas in the 16th century,
with an indication of cities
and pogosts, compiled
by K. Nevolin

Konstantin Nevolin
St Petersburg,
Printing House
of the Imperial Academy
of Sciences, 1853
A lithograph with coloured elements

Map annexed to the book On Novgorod
pyatinas and pogosts in the 16th century

33
Russiae, Vulgo Moscovia dictae. Pars Occidentalis
Russia,
commonly
known
as Muscovy.
Western part
Russia,
commonly
known
as Muscovy.
Western part

Isaac Massa
Amsterdam, 1662
Pages 25–26
of the second volume
of Joan Blaeu’s Atlas Maior

Isaac Massa (1587–1635) was a Dutch trader and traveller. In 1625, he was elevated to nobility by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. Isaac Massa visited Muscovy five times. He spoke Russian and was well familiar with the country’s customs and traditions. In Muscovy, he acted on behalf of the States-General of the Netherlands, but did not have an official status of a Dutch ambassador. Therefore his diplomatic career was not much of a success.
However, he was able to collect valuable documentary and cartographic materials about Russia, which he later used in his books and maps of Russia. Massa is the author of two major works: a description of the Land of Samoyeds and Tartary, and the history of the war and unrest in Muscovy. The latter is an important historical source on the Time of Troubles.

Several maps of Russia were drafted based on the materials compiled by Massa. Massa’s maps were first purchased by Hessel Gerritsz, who published three maps of Russia in 1613. Following his death, Willem Blaeu bought the copper plates with the maps’ engraving and produced two new maps of Russia, which were also based on Massa’s records. These maps were printed from 1640 as part of Blaeu’s Atlas Maior, the largest cartographic project of the 17th century. Other publishers, including Hendrik Hondius and Johannes Janssonius, used Massa’s maps as models for their own cartographic works.

34
The map of
the Novgorod
Viceroyalty
The map of
the Novgorod
Viceroyalty

The Russian atlas consisting
of 44 maps and dividing
the Empire into 42 viceroyalties
Created and engraved
at the Mining School in 1792

Alexander Wildbrecht
Map engraver:
Ivan Leonov
Cartouche engraver:
Gavrila Kharitonov
St Petersburg, 1792
A print

35
The general map
of the Novgorod Guberniya,
The general map
of the Novgorod Guberniya,
pointing out the post and great roads, postal stations and distances between them measured in versts

Compiled in St Petersburg
in 1821 according to the latest
and most authentic accounts
Sheet from the Geographical
Atlas of the Russian Empire
Vasily Piadyshev

Full name of the atlas: The Geographical Atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland, divided into guberniyas, in two languages, pointing out cities, towns, villages and all remarkable places, post and great roads, postal stations and distances between them and other villages measured in versts and miles, consisting of 70 sheets, with a General Map and a table of distances between the major cities by post roads, measured in versts. Compiled according to the latest and most authentic accounts for students in Russian Geography and for travellers to make itineraries.

36
The map of the Novgorod
Guberniya
The map of the Novgorod
Guberniya

Alexey Ilyin
St Petersburg, Cartographic
Establishment of Alexey Ilyin,
Engraver on stone:
A. Bergstresser
A print with coloured
elements, 1871

From the Detailed atlas
of the Russian Empire with
maps of the major cities

37
Ducatuum Estoniae et Livoniae Tabula cum cursu Fluvii Dwinae
Map of Northwest
European Russia
Map of Northwest
European Russia

Leonhard Euler
St Petersburg, 1745
Scale: 35 versts per inch
(ca. 1: 1,500,000)
Copperplate print

In the Russian version of the Atlas, the map is called the Plan of the Duchy of Estland and Livonia and the Course of the River of Dvina Map 3 from the Latin edition of the Russian Atlas

38
Postkarte von Nord-Russland Delineatio
The postal map of Northern
Russia
The map of post roads in the northern part of the Russian Empire Page 39 Available in Vienna from Reilly at Landkarten und Kunstwerke Verschleiss Komtoir (map and art retailer) Gestochen von Anton Benedict

Engraver: Anton Benedict
Franz Johann Joseph von Reilly,
Vienna, 1799

A print with coloured elements Sheet 38 from the atlas Allgemeiner Postatlas von der ganzen Welt, in so ferne Posten darauf bestehen, aus vierzig Lateinisch und Deutsch beschriebenen Landkarten. Wien: Reilly 1799 (Universal postal atlas of the whole world where there are post roads, containing forty maps in Latin and German. Vienna: Reilly 1799)

39
Gouv. 10 Nowogorod. 11. Olonez
Guberniyas 10 Novgorod
11 Olonets
Guberniyas 10 Novgorod
11 Olonets

Author: Von Schlieben
Publisher: Georg Joachim Göschen
Leipzig, 1825 (map date)
Sheet from the third edition
of Schliebens Atlas
von Europa, 1830
A print with coloured
elements

Full name of the atlas: Atlas von Europa nebst den Kolonien: für Geschaftsmänner, Zeitungsleser und Besitzer des Lexicons in einer Folge von Charten und einem alphabetisch eingerichteten Texte (Atlas of Europe and colonies: for business people, newspaper readers and dictionary holders, containing a number of maps and texts in alphabetical order)

40
The map of the Lake Region
The map of the Lake Region

N. Ilyin
St Petersburg,
Alfred Devrient
Printing House, 1900
A lithograph

A reference map to Volume 3 Lake District from Russia. Full geographical description of our fatherland. Reference and travel book for Russian people, edited by Veniamin Semenov, under the general editorial control of Petr Semenov, Vice Chairman of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society, and Academician Vladimir Lamansky, Chairman of the Ethnography Department of the Imperial Russian Geographical Society. N. Ilyin, author of Chapter 3 Plants and Animals from Volume 3 Lake District

42
Ducati di Livonia, e di Estonia, e Governi
di Nowogorod, Bielgorod e Kiowia Con privilegio dell’Eccmo Senato
Duchies of Livonia and
Estland and the guberniyas
of Novgorod, Belgorod and Kiev
Duchies of Livonia and
Estland and the guberniyas
of Novgorod, Belgorod and Kiev

Antonio Zatta
Venice, 1782
Con privilegio dell’Eccmo
Senato Privilege obtained from
the most excellent Senate

Engraver: Giovanni
Marco Pitteri

A coloured print

43
I Governi di Nowogorod, Bielgorod e Kiowia Roma, presso la Calcografia Camerale delineati sulle ultime osservazioni
Guberniyas of Novgorod,
Belgorod and Kiev
Guberniyas of Novgorod,
Belgorod and Kiev

Giovanni Maria Cassini
Rome, Roman Curia
Printing House, 1795
A coloured print

Drawn from recent
observations
A reprinted copy
of the map by Zatta
(No. 39)

3 Desyatinny Monastyr,
Veliky Novgorod
Novgorod Geography
20212022